A sweeping and overdue retelling of U.S. history that recognizes that Native Americans are essential to understanding the evolution of modern America Â âIn accounts of American history, Indigenous peoples are often treated as largely incidentalâeither obstacles to be overcome or part of a narrative separate from the arc of nation-building. Blackhawk . . . [shows] that Native communities have, instead, been inseparable from the American story all along.ââWashington Post Book World, âBooks to Read in 2023â Â The most enduring feature of U.S. history is the presence of Native Americans, yet most histories focus on Europeans and their descendants. This long practice of ignoring Indigenous history is changing, however, with a new generation of scholars insists that any full American history address the struggle, survival, and resurgence of American Indian nations. Indigenous history is essential to understanding the evolution of modern America. Â Ned Blackhawk interweaves five centuries of Native and nonâNative histories, from Spanish colonial exploration to the rise of Native American self-determination in the late twentieth century. In this transformative synthesis he shows that Â â¢ European colonization in the 1600s was never a predetermined success; Â â¢ Native nations helped shape Englandâs crisis of empire; Â â¢ the first shots of the American Revolution were prompted by Indian affairs in the interior; Â â¢ California Indians targeted by federally funded militias were among the first casualties of the Civil War; Â â¢ the Union victory forever recalibrated Native communities across the West; Â â¢ twentieth-century reservation activists refashioned American law and policy. Â Â Blackhawkâs retelling of U.S. history acknowledges the enduring power, agency, and survival of Indigenous peoples, yielding a truer account of the United States and revealing anew the varied meanings of America.